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Mitigation

Brief On Mitigation Division
Department Of Climate Change

Mitigation refers to the efforts to cut or prevent the emission of greenhouse gases – limiting the magnitude of future warming. It may also include options aimed at removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere .Mitigation requires
• Use of new technologies to improve old technology for more energy efficiency.
• Shifting to sustainable low-carbon energy sources such as wind power, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric or nuclear represents one of the major strategies for reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
• Reduction of wastes through sustainable waste management to reduce the decaying organic portion that contributes to the global greenhouse gas emissions.
Mitigation also extends to the protection of natural carbon “sinks” such as the forests or oceans. New sinks can be created through afforestation.

In line with achieving the mandate of the Department, 4 Units within the Mitigation Division have core functions aimed at fulfilling Nigeria’s obligation in reducing global greenhouse gases emissions:

1. GHG Inventory Unit
The Unit has the responsibility of evolving improved understanding of the science of climate change over Nigeria and West African sub region with a view to providing the direction expected for climate indices to follow. It undertakes the following activities:
• Developing a National GHG Inventory System for National Communication in UNFCCC
• Updating annual GHG Inventory database
• Developing scenario for reducing future emissions
• Recalculation of existing emissions inventories to bring results to IPCC and UNFCCC Common Reporting Format (CRF) using the CRF tables for all annual inventories in line with guidelines for IPCC national emissions inventories.
• Developing programmes through Workshops/Seminars to ensure improved understanding of the national emissions sources and associated technologies with a view to providing guidelines and developing scenarios for emission reduction.

2. REDD+ Unit
The Unit works in collaboration with the National REDD+ Programme

3. Flexible Market Mechanism Unit
The Department of Climate Change as the Designated National Authority(DNA) for Ckean Development Mechanism (CDM), through this Unit has the responsibility to
• collaborate with relevant bodies to provide a comprehensive institutional framework for CDM and project development, packaging and approval
• Set regulations for CDM projects evaluation and approval
• Develop National Action Plan for CDM Implementation
• Confirm Projects eligibility criteria
• Issue Letter of No Objection and Letter of Approval for CDM projects
• Follow up CDM projects implementation and provide required support for successful project registration and implementation
• Liaise with the State Carbon Credit Centre for carbon credit consultations, transactions, applications, certifications, and carbon trading
• Conduct campaigns to create carbon credit awareness and promote clean energy projects
4. Sustainable Energy Unit
Activities of the Unit geared towards achieving its mandate involves
• Partnership with relevant MDAs – Energy Commission, Federal Ministry of Power in the development of the National Policy on Renewable Energy and other Clean energy sources e.g. nuclear power;
• Collaboration with relevant MDAs on renewable and energy efficiency programs;
• Partnership with relevant institutions, private sector organizations on initiatives such as Waste-To-Energy Project that will eliminate agricultural and household wastes that will be used for biofuel production;
• Facilitating and promoting the use of renewable energy and energy efficient sources through Carbon Credits from cooking fuel and green energy source;
• Developing and Supporting advocacy and awareness programs on renewable energy and energy efficiency programs

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