Climate change is adding a new challenge to Nigeria‘s development efforts. Overcoming the development challenge of climate change requires addressing climate change in a sustainable way and not all countries have the capacity – the knowledge, the tools, the public support, the scientific expertise and the political know-how – to do so. A country cannot mitigate or adapt to climate change without first having the capacity to do so. Capacity-building is about enhancing the ability of individuals, organizations and institutions in developing countries and in countries with economies in transition to identify, plan and implement ways to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Capacity-building under the Convention and its Kyoto Protocol takes place on three levels
- Individual level: developing educational, training and awareness-raising activities
- Institutional level: fostering the development of organizations and institutions, including their missions, mandates, cultures, structures, competencies, and human and financial resources, as well as the cooperation between organizations, institutions and sectors
- Systemic level: creating enabling environments through economic and regulatory policies and accountability frameworks in which institutions and individuals operate
In 2001, the Conference of the Parties (the supreme decision-making body of the Convention) adopted two frameworks that address the needs, conditions and priorities of developing countries and countries with economies in transition.